Discovering Barcelona: 20 Surprising Facts About the Catalan Capital

Discovering 20 surprising facts about Barcelona

Barcelona: A muse for artists, a playground for bon vivants, and one of Europe’s hottest travel destinations. Beyond its fame and fortune, this Catalan capital of cool hides captivating secrets. Join us as we uncover Barcelona’s hidden treasures, from ancient origins to modern marvels. Discover the surprises that await in this enchanting metropolis.

Summertime at colorful Barcelona. happy young woman in long dress and straw hat in Barcelona, Spain with bright red beverage having fun time

1. Catalonia and England Share the Same Patron Saint:

Discover the vibrant celebration of El Día de Sant Jordi, where roses and books are exchanged in Barcelona, unlike Valentine’s Day. Men traditionally gift roses to their loved ones, while women gift books. Today, this tradition has evolved into a universal gesture of love and friendship. Catalans cherish Sant Jordi, while Valentine’s Day takes a backseat, reserving romance for their beloved Día de Sant Jordi.

2. The Beaches are Man-Made:

Barcelona’s transformation into a stunning beach city is a remarkable story. Prior to the 1992 Olympic Games, the city lacked beaches. Leveraging the investment brought by the Games, Barcelona imported tons of sand from Egypt and created nearly 5 km of beautiful beaches. This endeavor turned Barcelona into the enchanting waterfront metropolis it is today, earning recognition as the world’s “best beach city” by National Geographic.

city skyline across the sea during daytime

3. Gaudi’s Sagrada Familia is Nowhere Near Completion:

Antoni Gaudí’s masterpiece, the Sagrada Familia church, is an architectural marvel. However, its construction remains ongoing. Initiated in 1882, the building was only 20% complete when Gaudí passed away in 1926. Progress continues steadily, funded solely by donations and visitor tickets. The goal is to officially complete the structure by 2026, marking the centenary of Gaudí’s death and 140 years since construction began, fulfilling the long-awaited vision.

4. Barcelona FC is the King of Catalan Culture:

Amidst Barcelona’s vibrant art scene, it is surprising to discover that the most visited museum is not one of the countless art museums and galleries. The FC Barcelona Museum at Camp Nou Stadium holds this honor, consistently attracting more visitors than any other cultural center in the city. In 2011, it ranked as the third most-visited museum in Spain. The stadium itself, Camp Nou, proudly stands as Europe’s largest football stadium, accommodating up to 100,000 spectators.

5. The Most Famous Street in Barcelona is Not Quite What You Think:

Las Ramblas, Barcelona’s iconic boulevard stretching over 2 km through the heart of the city, conceals an intriguing secret. Contrary to popular belief, Las Ramblas is not a singular entity but rather composed of five distinct ‘ramblas,’ each with its own character and name. Exploring this vibrant thoroughfare reveals the diversity and vibrancy that epitomize Barcelona’s unique charm.

people walking on street during daytime

6. The Metro Service Harbors a Host of Secrets:

Barcelona’s TMB metro network, renowned for its cleanliness and efficiency, hides a fascinating mystery beneath its tracks. Twelve abandoned ‘ghost stations’ lay dormant, silently witnessing the city’s bustling life. As you ride the L5 (blue) line between Sagrada Família and Sant Pau Dos de Maig, keep a keen eye out the window for the phantom station named ‘Gaudí.’ Legends whisper that the ghost of Antoni Gaudí himself haunts its deserted platforms.

7. ‘La Pedrera’ is Actually a Nickname:

Antoni Gaudí’s architectural gem, La Pedrera, holds a peculiar tale of public perception. Originally named Casa Milà, it faced mixed reactions upon its unveiling in 1912. Some critics likened its sinuous design to a ‘stone quarry’ or ‘pedrera’ in Catalan. The derogatory nickname stuck, and to this day, many refer to it as La Pedrera. However, the endearing moniker carries admiration for its captivating curves and distinctiveness.

a very tall building with lots of windows

8. It May Be Even Older Than Rome:

Barcelona’s ancient history is often overshadowed by its modern allure, but evidence suggests that the city’s foundation predates even the Roman Empire. The Barcino of the Roman era emerged on top of an older Iberian settlement. Recent archaeological findings indicate that the region was inhabited as early as the Neolithic period, around 5000 BC. This rich historical tapestry offers a fascinating glimpse into Barcelona’s layered past.

9. It’s the Largest City on the Mediterranean Sea:

Barcelona’s grandeur extends beyond its architectural splendor and cultural vibrancy. As the largest city on the Mediterranean Sea, it sprawls over 100 km² along the picturesque coastline. From sandy beaches and bustling port activity to the iconic silhouette of the skyline, Barcelona’s majestic presence dominates the Mediterranean landscape.

10. The Cruise Port is One of the World’s Largest:

Barcelona’s bustling cruise port stands as a testament to the city’s popularity as a tourist destination. Welcoming over 3 million travelers annually, it ranks as Europe’s busiest cruise port and one of the largest in the world. The port boasts state-of-the-art facilities, ensuring a seamless experience for cruise enthusiasts embarking on Mediterranean voyages or exploring the enchanting city before setting sail.

Barcelona (Spain) cruise port schedule | CruiseMapper

11. It’s Home to the World’s Largest Metropolitan Park:

Nestled within Barcelona’s embrace lies Parc de Collserola, a sprawling metropolitan park that surpasses even the renowned Central Park in New York City. Covering an astonishing area 22 times larger than its New York counterpart, Collserola Park offers a pristine natural retreat just moments away from the city’s vibrant streets. With its diverse flora and fauna, hiking trails, and breathtaking vistas, this hidden gem invites locals and visitors alike to immerse themselves in nature’s beauty.

12. It’s a Mecca for Michelin-Star Dining:

Barcelona’s culinary scene is a magnet for discerning food enthusiasts. With 20 Michelin-starred restaurants, including the iconic establishments of the renowned Adrià brothers, the city embraces gastronomic innovation and creativity. From avant-garde molecular cuisine to traditional Catalan delicacies, Barcelona’s dining landscape is a feast for the senses, beckoning visitors to embark on unforgettable culinary adventures.

13. It’s a Cyclist’s Paradise:

Barcelona’s commitment to cycling makes it an ideal destination for bike enthusiasts. The city boasts an extensive network of bike lanes, allowing locals and visitors to pedal their way through its vibrant streets safely. Biking not only offers a convenient and eco-friendly mode of transportation but also provides an intimate and leisurely experience of Barcelona’s charming neighborhoods and iconic landmarks.

14. It Boasts a Wealth of UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

Barcelona proudly showcases an impressive list of nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Antoni Gaudí’s architectural wonders dominate the list, with iconic landmarks like the Sagrada Familia, Park Güell, and Casa Batlló receiving recognition. Additionally, the city’s rich historical and cultural heritage, including the Palau de la Música Catalana and the Hospital de Sant Pau, adds to the tapestry of UNESCO-protected treasures found throughout Barcelona.

a statue of an elephant made out of mosaic tiles

15. It Has its Own Language:

Barcelona’s unique cultural identity is further distinguished by its own language, Catalan. Coexisting with Spanish, Catalan is widely spoken by locals and holds official status in Catalonia. Embracing the Catalan language immerses visitors in the region’s rich cultural heritage and reinforces the deep-rooted sense of pride and autonomy felt by its inhabitants.

16. It’s Celebrated as the “Cradle of Spanish Blues Music”:

Barcelona has earned the title of the “Cradle of Spanish Blues Music,” boasting a thriving blues scene that attracts music enthusiasts from around the world. The city vibrates with the soulful sounds of local and international blues artists, and the annual Barcelona Blues Festival showcases the genre’s captivating rhythm and heartfelt melodies, affirming Barcelona’s status as a prominent destination for blues lovers.

17. It Inspired Famous Artists and Writers:

Barcelona’s enchanting ambiance has served as a muse for numerous renowned artists and writers throughout history. Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, and Salvador Dalí found inspiration in the city’s vibrant energy and distinctive architecture, while literary giants such as George Orwell and Gabriel García Márquez immortalized Barcelona’s streets and neighborhoods in their iconic works. Exploring the city unveils the same enchanting landscapes that ignited the creativity of these masterful minds.

18. It Hosts Europe’s Largest Street Party:

La Mercè, Barcelona’s annual street party, is a dazzling celebration that captivates locals and visitors alike. Honoring the city’s patron saint, the festival transforms Barcelona into a vibrant stage for music, dance, fireworks, and awe-inspiring parades. Colorful giants and mythical beasts roam the streets, filling the air with joyous revelry. La Mercè offers a thrilling glimpse into Barcelona’s rich cultural heritage, inviting everyone to partake in the exhilarating festivities.

LA MERCÈ Festival 2022: English Programme & Highlights

19. It’s a Haven for Art Nouveau Architecture:

Barcelona’s architectural landscape is a treasure trove of Art Nouveau masterpieces. From Gaudí’s whimsical creations to the works of Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch, the city showcases an abundance of buildings characterized by their intricate facades, organic motifs, and innovative design. The Eixample district is a particularly fascinating showcase of this architectural style, inviting architecture enthusiasts to embark on a captivating journey through Barcelona’s modernist heritage.

20. It Offers a Thriving Nightlife:

When the sun sets, Barcelona reveals its vibrant nightlife, luring nocturnal adventurers to its lively bars, clubs, and music venues. From trendy beach clubs along the coast to hidden speakeasies tucked away in narrow alleys, the city offers a diverse range of nocturnal experiences. Whether you seek electrifying parties, intimate jazz performances, or relaxed evening strolls, Barcelona’s nightlife scene promises an unforgettable adventure that keeps the city pulsating until dawn.


Want to discover more stories and cultural secrets in Barcelona? Join one of our food tours and we’ll introduce you to the best the city has to offer.

June 07, 2023 | Words by Charles Liondae for Eye On Food Tours


Charles Liondae is a passionate advocate for Spanish culture, history, and, above all, its vibrant culinary traditions. As a Freelance Food writer for Eye On Food Tours, he has dedicated himself to sharing the rich tapestry of flavors and stories that make Spanish cuisine truly exceptional.



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